Here are a few common distributions, popular and capable all.
Ubuntu: Probably the one most people would recommend. It is currently the most popular Linux distribution, likely owing to the fact that it seems to prioritize newcomers to Linux. The operating system has a lot of support and documentation practically everywhere, and it is likely a wonderful starting point. The default desktop environment (think of the desktop environment as your screen and navigation bar and windows and how you do pretty much anything graphically) is a bit heavy on the resource side. The Xubuntu flavour, using the xfce desktop, may be a better choice on your hardware. Both should run pretty decently, though.
Mint: Mint is based off of either Ubuntu or Debian, depending on your version of it that you download. It was the first Linux distribution that I used, and is incredibly beginner friendly. Most things work out of the box and you have a decent suite of applications to work with without trouble. A very solid choice-- I’d recommend it over Ubuntu.
Debian: Debian is an older distribution, still remaining updated and worked on. It is very stable and is well known for servers. Not a bad choice for a newcomer due to how popular it is and so how much support and documentation it is, and it is definitely known as the most stable of any major distribution.
Fedora/Red Hat: My second distribution, which I migrated to after a bit with Mint. Overall clean, decently fast, and wonderful support-- Fedora is the opensource version of Red Hat, and either-or are excellent choices. That said, the package selection feels more limited on Fedora than these other choices.
Arch Linux: I don’t actually recommend this one to you unless you want to have to learn a lot about Linux. Arch Linux is what I am currently on while typing this, and it is wonderful. It is a procedure all its own to install, because you install and configure the system and download and install your desktop environment, your tools, everything. Arch Linux has the most beautifully comprehensive wiki out of the Linux distributions, and you’ll likely be referencing its wiki for issues arising with your other distributions even without using Arch Linux itself. Additionally, the sheer volume and quality of the packages, along with the AUR and hassle-free installation makes Arch Linux incredibly powerful. It’s lightweight, blazing fast, beautifully clean, and efficient.
Some people would say never touch Arch as a beginner. Other people recommend it because it’s a more comprehensive learning experience. Read the descriptions, ask any questions you have, and work out which one you want to try.
It would be easy to try out a few on a virtual machine to begin with, but if you can escape your Windows applications, a native installation once you have made your choice is by far the most solid way to go, whether as the exclusive system or simply as a dual-boot one. If you have any questions, feel free to let me know and I can try to point you in the right direction.
Have an excellent day!