There are a lot of plausible nightmare scenarios waiting for us if Pai et al. fulfill their masters’ wishes, but I don’t think it should impact your learning so much. If ISPs set up certain paid tollways, then a “competing” for-profit entity like Codeacademy or Treehouse could possibly get preferential access. However, I really doubt that either of these companies have the capital required to compete like this, not to mention it wouldn’t endear them to their users. I’m no expert, but I think our learning tools are safe.
This does affect our job prospects, however, and we should be worried. The more power that large companies have to control what you access, the less able smaller startups will be able to compete. Tighter monopolies means fewer new job opportunities. I don’t think this is the death of web development nor does it mean that you shouldn’t pursue programming as a career. If anything, I expect a brain drain as fewer Americans take up programming and the programmers we have move to countries that haven’t handed control of their internet access to private tyrannies. Maybe 5 years from now we’ll have seen an influx of web developers to the EU. Lituania is quite tech savvy. I don’t think the large companies will stop hiring web developers, though, so there will always be jobs in other states regardless of where you live. Competition among developers may increase, but again, I’m not an expert.
But what does this mean for us, right now? It means we need to raise a ruckus. Go here. Do the things. Practice articulating your pro-net neutrality stance by reading counter arguments (yes, there are actually people who argue against net neutrality) so you can discuss the issue with people who don’t know or think about it because they should be involved as well. Definitely make your stance known to your state’s representatives, but try to attend or organize protests. The right-wing confederacy responsible for this mess has very little public support for eliminating net neutrality and have had to rely on bots to give the illusion it does. If enough people organize, I think Pai won’t be able to get away with his shenanigans.
tl;dir: You’ll probably be OK. But, kick, scratch, and bite as though your future depends on it.