In this tutorial, we'll learn how to generate QR codes in Angular 10 by building a simple example application.

But first of all, what's a QR code and what does it do?

According to Wikipedia:

A QR code (abbreviated from Quick Response code) is a type of matrix barcode (or two-dimensional barcode) first designed in 1994 for the automotive industry in Japan.

A barcode is a machine-readable optical label that contains information about the item to which it is attached.

In practice, QR codes often contain data for a locator, identifier, or tracker that points to a website or application.

A QR code uses four standardized encoding modes (numeric, alphanumeric, byte/binary, and kanji) to store data efficiently.

So it's simply a compact and efficient way of storing data.

Now let's see how to generate QR codes in your Angular 10 apps by creating an example.

Prerequisites

Before getting started you need a few prerequisites:

  • Basic knowledge of TypeScript. Particularly the familiarity with Object Oriented concepts such as TypeScript classes and decorators.
  • A local development machine with Node 10+, together with NPM 6+ installed.

Node is required by the Angular CLI like the most front end tools nowadays. You can simply go to the downloads page of the official website and download the binaries for your operating system.

You can also refer to your specific system instructions for how to install Node using a package manager. The recommended way though is using NVM — Node Version Manager — a POSIX-compliant bash script to manage multiple active Node.js versions.

Note: Don't want to install a local environment for Angular development but still want to try the code in this tutorial? You can use Stackblitz, an online IDE for frontend development that lets you create an Angular project compatible with the Angular CLI.

Step 1 — Installing Angular CLI 10

In this step, we'll install the latest Angular CLI 10 (at the time of writing this tutorial).

Angular CLI is the official tool for initializing and working with Angular projects. To install it, open a new command-line interface and run the following command:

$ npm install -g @angular/cli

At the time of writing, angular/cli v10 will be installed on your system.

Step 2 — Creating a New Angular 10 App

Let's now create our project. Head back to your command-line interface and run the following commands:

$ cd ~
$ ng new angular10qrcode

The CLI will ask you a couple of questions:

  • Would you like to add Angular routing? Type y for Yes, and
  • Which stylesheet format would you like to use? Choose CSS.

Next, navigate to you project’s folder and run the local development server using the following commands:

$ cd angular10qrcode
$ ng serve    

Open your web browser and navigate to the http://localhost:4200/ address to see your app running.

Next, open a new terminal and make sure to navigate to your project's folder and run the following command to install the ngx-qrcode library from npm using the following command:

$ npm install @techiediaries/ngx-qrcode

Next open the src/app/app.module.ts file, and import NgxQRCodeModule from @techiediaries/ngx-qrcode in your module as follows:

import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { NgxQRCodeModule } from '@techiediaries/ngx-qrcode';
import { FormsModule } from '@angular/forms';


import { AppComponent } from './app.component';

@NgModule({
  declarations: [
    AppComponent
  ],
  imports: [
    BrowserModule,
    FormsModule,
    NgxQRCodeModule
  ],
  providers: [],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }

Once the library has been imported, you can use the ngx-qrcode component in your Angular application.

Please note that we have also imported the FormsModule.

Next, open the src/app/app.component.ts file and update it as follows:

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { NgxQrcodeElementTypes, NgxQrcodeErrorCorrectionLevels } from '@techiediaries/ngx-qrcode';

@Component({
  selector: 'my-app',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: [ './app.component.css' ]
})
export class AppComponent  {
  elementType = NgxQrcodeElementTypes.URL;
  correctionLevel = NgxQrcodeErrorCorrectionLevels.HIGH;
  value = 'https://www.techiediaries.com/';
}

Next, open the src/app/app.component.html file and add the following code:

<ngx-qrcode
  [elementType]="elementType"
  [errorCorrectionLevel]="correctionLevel"
  [value]="value"
  cssClass="bshadow"></ngx-qrcode>

We use various properties for configuring our QR code such as:

  • the type,
  • the error correction level,
  • the value,
  • the CSS class.

You can find out more information about these properties and the other supported properties from the official ngx-qrcode docs.

Next, add a textarea for entering the value that you want to encode:

<textarea [(ngModel)] = "value"></textarea>

Finally open the src/styles.css file and add the following styles:

.bshadow {

  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  filter: drop-shadow(5px 5px 5px #222222);
  opacity: .5;

}

textarea {
    margin-top: 15px; 
    display: block;
    margin-left: auto;
    margin-right: auto;
    width: 250px;
    opacity: .5;
}

This is a screenshot of our application:

That's it we have finished our Angular 10 example project that demonstrates how to generate QR codes.

You can visit us on Techiediaries for tutorials about Angular and modern web development practices.

You can check out the application we've built in this article live on Stackblitz: