by Flavio H. Freitas

ES8: What’s new in the JavaScript language in 2017

What's new?

ES8 is live! Released earlier this summer, ES8 (also called ES2017) offers new ways of coding with JavaScript. Let's explore them.

If you have the latest version of Chrome, open the console and let's code together.

How to access the JavaScript console in Chrome: View > Developer > JavaScript Console

Object.values()

Access all the values of our object without any complication. Here’s an example:

const countries = {    BR: 'Brazil',    DE: 'Germany',    RO: 'Romania',    US: 'United States of America'};
Object.values(countries); // ['Brazil', 'Germany', 'Romania', 'United States of America']

Object.entries

Turn your object attribute in an array of attributes:

const countries = {    BR: 'Brazil',    DE: 'Germany',    RO: 'Romania',    US: 'United States of America'};
Object.entries(countries); 
// [['BR', 'Brazil'], ['DE', 'Germany'], ['RO', 'Romania'], ['US','United States of America']]

String padding (padStart and padEnd)

This returns the passed string adding the pad and the beginning or in the end of it. The function definition is:

'string'.padStart(targetLength, padString)
'string'.padEnd(targetLength, padString)

We can make:

'0.10'.padStart(10); // it return a string of length 10, padding empty spaces in the beginning
'hi'.padStart(1);            // 'hi''hi'.padStart(5);            // '   hi''hi'.padStart(5, 'abcd');    // 'abchi''hi'.padStart(10, 'abcd');   // 'abcdabcdhi'
'loading'.padEnd(10, '.');   // 'loading...'
// useful example making things easier to read'0.10'.padStart(12);         // '       0.10''23.10'.padStart(12);        // '      23.10''12,330.10'.padStart(12);    // '  12,330.10'

Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptors()

It returns all own (non-inherited) property descriptors of an object. The attributes of the return object can be: value, writable, get, set, configurable and enumerable.

const obj = {    name: 'Pablo',    get foo() { return 42; }};
Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptors(obj);//// {//  "name": {//     "value": "Pablo",//     "writable":true,//     "enumerable":true,//     "configurable":true//  },//  "foo":{//     "enumerable":true,//     "configurable":true,//     "get": function foo()//     "set": undefined//  }// }

One practical example is: JavaScript has a method to copy properties Object.assign(). It copies the property whose key is key. Like this:

const value = source[key]; // gettarget[key] = value;       // set

And in some cases it fails because it doesn't properly copy the properties with non-default attributes such as getters, setters and non-writable properties.

For example:

const objTarget = {};const objSource = {    set greet(name) { console.log('hey, ' + name); }};Object.assign(objTarget, objSource);
objTarget.greet = 'love';     // trying to set fails, sets greet = 'love'

Solving:

const objTarget = {};const objSource = {    set greet(name) { console.log('hey, ' + name); }};Object.defineProperties(objTarget,                     Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptors(objSource));
objTarget.greet = 'love'; // prints 'hey, love'

Trailing commas in function parameter lists and calls

This is a syntax change. It allows us to write a valid function declaration with comma in the end.

getDescription(name, age,) { ... }

Async functions (async and await)

This makes it much easier to work with asynchronous functions:

function loadExternalContent() {    return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {        setTimeout(() => {            resolve('hello');        }, 3000);    });}
async function getContent() {    const text = await loadExternalContent();    console.log(text);}
console.log('it will call function');getContent();console.log('it called function');
// it prints:
'it will call function' // synchronous'it called function'    // synchronous'hello'                 // asynchronous (after 3 seconds)

Shared memory and atomics

According to the specification:

"Shared memory is being exposed in the form of a new SharedArrayBuffer type; The new global Atomics object provides atomic operations on shared memory locations, including operations that can be used to create blocking synchronization primitives."

This means:

Shared memory: we can allow multiple threads read and write the same data with the new SharedArrayBuffer constructor.

Atomics: We can use the Atomics object to make sure nothing that is being written or read will be interrupted in the middle of the process. So the operations are finished before a the next one starts.

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Flávio H. de Freitas is an Entrepreneur, Engineer, Tech lover, Dreamer and Traveler. Has worked as CTO in Brazil, Silicon Valley and Europe.