by Catherine Vassant (aka Codingk8)

How to use a RegExp to confirm the ending of a String in JavaScript

Using the Regexp ?️ constructor

Photo by Justin Luebke on Unsplash

This article is based on freeCodeCamp’s Basic Algorithm Scripting “Confirm the ending”.

This challenge involves checking whether a String ends with a specific sequence of letters or not.

In this article, I’ll explain how to solve this challenge using a RegExp.

The interesting aspect of this solution is using the RegExp constructor to create the specific RegExp you need to check Strings passed as arguments.

Algorithm Challenge

Check if a string (first argument, str) ends with the given target string (second argument, target).
This challenge can be solved with the .endsWith()method, which was introduced in ES2015. But for the purpose of this challenge, we would like you to use one of the JavaScript substring methods instead.

Provided test cases

confirmEnding("Bastian", "n")should return true.
confirmEnding("Congratulation", "on")should return true.
confirmEnding("Connor", "n")should return false.
confirmEnding("Walking on water and developing software from a specification are easy if both are frozen", "specification")should return false.
confirmEnding("He has to give me a new name", "name")should return true.
confirmEnding("Open sesame", "same")should return true.
confirmEnding("Open sesame", "pen")should return false.
confirmEnding("Open sesame", "game")should return false.
confirmEnding("If you want to save our world, you must hurry. We dont know how much longer we can withstand the nothing", "mountain")should return false.
confirmEnding("Abstraction", "action")should return true.
Do not use the built-in method .endsWith()to solve the challenge.

1. The first idea that does not work at all

If, like me, you’re a RexExp lover, your first attempt might be to try solve the challenge with the code below, and it won’t work.

The reason is, with this syntax, the test() function will look for the specific “target” String and not “target” as a variable passed as an argument.

If we go back to our test cases, the ones that should return “false”, do pass, but none of the ones that should return “true” pass, which is quite predictable.

Photo by Pablo Lancaster Jones on Unsplash

2. Solve the challenge by creating the specific RegExp you need with the RegExp constructor

In order to use a RegExp that is going to “understand” that the “target” argument is a variable and not the String “target”, you have to create a taylor-made RegExp using the RegExp constructor.

And, before we move forward, let’s go back for a minute and look at what we want to test: the “target” argument should be the ending of the “str” argument. This means our RegExp should end with the “$” character.

Now, we can solve this challenge in three steps

Step 1 - Create a variable adding the “$” at the end of the “target” argument, using the concat() method in this case.

Step 2 - Use the RegExp constructor and the “new” operator to create the right RexExp with the above variable.

Step 3 - Return the result of the test() function.

And this passes all the case tests beautifully ?

This can be refactored in two lines like this

Note: since none of the test cases imply to test the capitalization of the letters, there’s no need to use the “i” flag.

String.prototype.concat() in MDN

RegExp.prototype.test() in MDN

RegExp constructor in MDN

Regular Expressions in freeCodeCamp

Other solutions to this challenge

The challenge “Get a Hint suggests a solution using the slice() method.

You can find two other ways of solving this challenge, one with the substr() method and the other with the endsWith() method, explained by Sonya Moisset in this article.

This ad-hoc RegExp solution can also help you solve the freeCodeCamp Intermediate Algorithm Scripting “Search and Replace” challenge.

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