by Nikita Rudenko

A practical guide to learning front end development for beginners

Photo by Atharva Tulsi on Unsplash

I started my coding journey in spring 2018, a bit less than one year ago. I earned some programming skills since that time but still, I understand there are many more things to learn ahead. Anyway, I decided to gather these tips in a single place to help future developers on their path. This article is the guide I would have liked to have found when I started my journey.

Before Starting

If you decided to study on your own, there is a lot of information on the Internet and it’s hard to wrap your head around everything. It’s important to have a structured plan and avoid wasting time by jumping from one resource to another.

Please note that these are just the first steps into the front-end universe. It will help you get started but it’s not intended to be a complete guide.

As a disclaimer, please note that the following resources are not an advertisement. I mention them because they helped me at some point and I personally recommend them. Most of them are free, otherwise, it will be specified.
Photo by Mikito Tateisi on Unsplash

As a starting point, I recommend signing up on freeCodeCamp. And I will base the rest on their curriculum. I consider it to be a great resource for various reasons:

  1. Curriculum. This can be your main path. It’s a well-structured overview of the things you should learn and provides a good learning curve.
  2. Exercises. They are bite-sized so you can easily keep up the pace by doing a couple of them every day and keeping your heat map green.
  3. Projects. After completion of every chapter, you will build 5 projects to get your certification. It’s ideal to get some practice and consolidate your knowledge.
  4. Community. It’s more than just a learning platform. There is a forum, blog, and YouTube channel where developers of different levels share their knowledge and where you can find inspiration.
  5. It’s free. Money can be critical for many people and here, in any case, you won’t spend anything except time.
Pro tip: you can create an account on Twitter, if you don’t have one yet, and publicly commit to the 100DaysOfCode challenge. The reason is simple - there are many people doing this challenge. You will get motivation and support, and it will help you to keep up the pace. I highly recommend it, don’t be shy and enjoy the community ?

Now we are all set to start! ?

Photo by Braden Collum on Unsplash

Responsive Web Design

The first section encompasses the very basics of how to build static sites and apply styles to them.

The Basics

Basic HTML and HTML5 and Basic CSS sections are the fundamentals of the modern Internet. Applied Visual Design, Applied Accessibility, and Responsive Web Design Principles will teach you the basics of writing good websites. Don’t rush and step carefully, those are the main building blocks in your knowledge.

You can complement your studies with a great guide on Interneting Is Hard.

Next, you are going to learn powerful layout techniques like CSS Flexbox and CSS Grid. Before moving on, complete this short guide to get an overview of different layout techniques that people used before the Flexbox-Grid era. It’s unlikely that you will ever need to use them, but it’s always good to be aware and appreciate the technologies we have today.

CSS Flexbox

I fell in love with Flexbox because of its simplicity and power. A lot of different properties may confuse you at first, so my suggestion is to put a cheat sheet near your computer so you can always easily look them up. Additionally, bookmark this interactive Flexbox cheat sheet.

And finally, practice by playing the addictive Flexbox Froggy game. ?

CSS Grid

The Grid is more advanced and flexible but in most cases, Flexbox is quite enough. Anyway, you will have another powerful tool in your arsenal. Especially, if it’s that easy to understand when you grow your crops in Grid Garden. ?


Before moving on to the final projects, I recommend you to do this:

  1. Create an account on Codepen. It’s a cool playground for the front end where you can build your projects, test your snippets, and practice.
  2. Install a code editor on your machine and learn how to work with it.
  3. Learn the basics of the command line from this video by Wes Bos or the Shell Workshop on Udacity.
  4. Learn how to use Git in this playlist by NetNinja.
  5. Get some guided practice. Choose any projects from this playlist by Traversy Media and code along. Build them until you feel confident. It would be great if you already use a code editor and version control, and upload your work to a special study repo on Github.

Now you are ready to get your first certification! ?

Go and build your final projects and share them ?

Photo by Jake Ingle on Unsplash

Javascript Algorithms And Data Structures

Now you know how to build static websites and it’s time to learn JavaScript.

freeCodeCamp’s JavaScript section is great but I highly advise you to look at as an additional reference. This is the best resource that provides comprehensive information for everything related to JavaScript.

More recommendations

  1. JavaScript Basics Course by Beau Carnes, if you prefer visual guides.
  2. Regarding the new standard for JavaScript, my favorites are the great courses ES6 for everyone! (paid) by Wes Bos and Modern JavaScript by Beau Carnes.
  3. Regular expressions course on Scrimba.
  4. Object-Oriented JavaScript course by NetNinja was very helpful to me.


This is my favorite part of the certification. I remember how challenging they were when I just started to solve them. I could think about possible solutions all day. This is a great way to learn JavaScript and how to think like a programmer.

As a little help, I advise you to watch JavaScript Cardio Sessions by Traversy Media.

For more practice, I highly recommend you to sign up on CodeWars and set an initial goal to achieve 6kyu. It’s very helpful because when you complete any challenge, you can look through other people’s solutions and discover new tricks, approaches, and ideas.

To find other 100DaysOfCode challengers including me, go to your Account Settings and type in #100DaysOfCode into the Clan field.

Before proceeding to the final projects, you have to be prepared for the final boss, the Cash Register. ?

After you beat it I can say that…

…now you know how to work with JavaScript! ?

Photo by Pankaj Patel on Unsplash

Sticking things together

Now it’s time to take the Javascript30 challenge by Wes Bos. This is the best way to learn how HTML, CSS, and JavaScript work together, polish your knowledge of fundamentals, and understand the DOM. Building these little projects was a great experience and really fun for me!

Front End Libraries

From this point, you are becoming a real front end developer ?


The most popular CSS framework. Build a couple of websites along with guides on YouTube. Get used to Bootstrap’s famous column grid layout.


Despite some people saying jQuery is dead, it will be always helpful when the solution in pure JavaScript is quirky and using a JS framework is too much. This will be another great tool in your arsenal. Build a couple of little apps with it for practice.


I didn’t fully appreciate CSS frameworks until I saw their real power. I wanted to learn advanced CSS techniques and bought an amazing Advanced CSS and Sass course (paid) by Jonas Schmedtmann. Highly recommended if you want to polish your CSS skills and understand the workflow. I’m still happy that I found it.

React & Redux

This is the main part of the Front End Libraries section. React is a great choice as your first JavaScript library to learn.

Frankly, it’s hard to understand how to work with it in freeCodeCamp’s format since you can’t build anything from scratch and some things work under the hood. So take a course on React and Redux, and take your time to understand their ideas and tools.

My personal favorites:

  1. Complete React Tutorial (with Redux) by NetNinja
  2. React for beginners (paid) by Wes Bos
  3. React - The Complete Guide (paid) by Academind

I hope you are excited to use your new knowledge on the final projects.

Now you can build anything you want ?

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Moving further

You are a real front-end developer now and have enough skills to build great web applications. Maybe you are curious what to do next and the answer is as simple as “Build, build, build!”. Your current task is to create a portfolio for yourself and get more practice.

Here are some tips for you on what to do next:

  1. Get ideas for a project in the Take Home Projects section on freeCodeCamp.
  2. Build any project along with a course, then modify and improve it by adding new features.
  3. Tackle D3.js and Node.js to get the next freeCodeCamp certifications!
  4. Read Eloquent JavaScript and You Don't Know JS to become a JavaScript ninja.
  5. Improve your rank on Codewars.
  6. Get a taste of advanced web design from this Web Design for Web Developers course.
  7. Keep your GitHub account active and try to contribute to open source.

If one of these resources doesn’t work for you, it’s okay. Don’t get frustrated, what works for someone doesn’t necessarily have to work for every single person.

I hope this guide will help you with your learning, and hopefully save you time ?

Good luck!