You can use extensions in your browser to remove parts of a webpage you don't want to see. Removing annoyances, distractions, and irrelevant content is a great way to stay focused and remain efficient while you consume information on the internet.
There are many extensions that add this functionality to your browser. I'll be focusing on uBlock Origin, as many will already have it. If you don't, then I'd strongly recommend installing it.
What is uBlock Origin?
uBlock Origin is a free and open-source ad blocker available for all major browsers. It also includes an element picker tool that can remove custom elements, which is what we'll be using in this article.
Having knowledge of CSS selectors or XPath will help you go through this tutorial, but isn't required. uBlock Origin provides visual tools to select elements without technical knowledge. Still, writing the selector manually will usually be more reliable.
Why Blocking Elements Is Useful
On the internet, we're constantly consuming information, but quite often it's information that simply isn't relevant to us.
If you access particular websites frequently, it can be a big boost to productivity if you can conditionally single out the information you know you won't need and never consume it in the first place.
- Removing certain types of events from activity or social media feeds.
- Removing popups that ask you to do things you don't want to.
- Removing posts from particular authors on YouTube or social media.
- Removing distractions or dynamic elements that draw your attention.
How to Filter HTML Elements
To filter elements, you can click the uBlock Origin icon at the top of your browser, then click the element picker, the one with the eye drop icon. (More Info)
You can start by selecting the content you want to remove. Even if the selection isn't perfect, it's just a starting point.
Once the box appears at the bottom-right, you can use the visual tools with the "Pick" button and sliders, or manually specify a selector.
The content highlighted in red is what will be removed once you select the "Create" button. These changes will persist even after refreshing or revisiting the page at a later date. Let's see how this works.
You can remove most elements you want to remove easily using CSS selectors. This is great for removing static content on the page.
You'll usually want to use XPath for one of two reasons:
- You need to check against the value of an element.
- You need to select an element based on the attributes of its children.
This is useful for removing dynamic or user-generated content. We want to remove the entire element, but only if something inside it matches the criteria rather than the element itself.
Troubleshooting your filters
When filtering elements, your selectors can break at any time. Websites change for various reasons, in most cases due to maintenance or updates.
Don't let that deter you from doing what you want, though. It just means you should keep this in mind when you remove elements.
Try to keep your selectors local to what you actually want to remove, but strict enough that it won't falsely select other elements on the page.
There are also many websites that don't appreciate client-side modifications, and try to hinder this by arbitrarily changing HTML attribute values or obfuscating them.
In these cases, it's best to specify CSS attribute selectors or use XPath to partially match attribute values.
How to Remove Filters
If you no longer want to block something, or the website has changed, you can go to the settings to remove the old filter before making a new one.
To remove a custom filter:
- Navigate to the uBlock Origin settings.
- Select the "My filters" tab.
- Delete the lines with the filter(s) you want removed.
- Click "Apply changes" at the top.
- Refresh the page you were on.
Other Helpful Browser Extensions
There are other extensions you can use to remove specific types of content on websites, too.
Highlight or Hide Search Engine Results
Highlight or Hide Search Engine Results (HOHSER) supports all major search engines, including DuckDuckGo and Google.
I believe domain blacklisting should be a native user-setting available in search engines, but until that's a thing, you can use this extension to hide results under domains you don't like.
- Websites with re-hosted or shady download links.
- Search engine optimized junk, like fake coupon websites.
- Websites that block users in the EU.
I don't care about cookies
I don't care about cookies removes cookie warnings from appearing on most websites, that way you don't have to deal with them yourself.
The extension will attempt to hide the cookie message, only accepting cookies if necessary.
I strongly recommend only using this in combination with extensions like uBlock Origin and Privacy Badger, to prevent undesirable cookies from being saved.
Alternatively, it's possible to add the filter list for this extension to uBlock Origin. However, this means that the cookie message and ad block filters will be coupled together. With this approach, websites you've disabled uBlock Origin on will continue to display cookie messages.
To add the custom filter list to uBlock Origin:
- Navigate to the uBlock Origin settings.
- Select the "Filter lists" tab.
- Scroll to the "Custom" section, at the bottom.
- Select "Import...".
- Select "Apply changes" at the top of the page.
I hope you're not in a situation where you feel the need to block a significant amount of content from the pages you load.
But if you do feel the need, I hope this makes browsing the internet just a little more bearable for you.