In SQL, you can delete a row in a table by using the DELETE query and the WHERE clause.

In the article, I will walk you through how to use the DELETE query and WHERE clause to delete rows. I will also show you how to delete multiple rows from a table at once.

How to use the DELETE query in SQL

This is the basic syntax for using the the DELETE query:

DELETE FROM table_name
WHERE condition of which row(s) to delete;

In this example, we have a table called cats that currently has ten rows in it. The columns would be id, name and gender.

We want to delete the row with the id of  8 which is Loki's row.

The first line of the DELETE query would look like this:

DELETE FROM cats

In the second line, we are going to specify which row by using the id=8 after the WHERE clause.

WHERE id=8;

Here is the complete syntax to delete Loki's row:

DELETE FROM cats
WHERE id=8;

This is what the new cats table looks like:

We can see that our DELETE query worked because Loki's information is no longer there.

How to Delete multiple rows from a table in SQL

One way we can delete multiple rows from our cats table is to change the condition from id to gender.

If we wanted to delete the rows with just the male cats, then we can use the gender="M" condition.

DELETE FROM cats
WHERE gender="M";

Our new cats table would look like this:

Now the cats table is only showing the female cats.

How to delete multiple rows using the BETWEEN operator with the AND operator in SQL

If we wanted to delete a number of rows within a range, we can use the AND operator with the BETWEEN operator.

In this example, we want to delete rows with ids of 4-7 inclusive.

Here is the syntax for that:

DELETE FROM cats
WHERE id BETWEEN 4 AND 7;

This is the result from that DELETE query:

We can see that  rows 1-3 and 8-10 are left in our table. The ids of 4-7 have been successfully deleted.

How to delete multiple rows using the IN operator in SQL

We can specify which names to delete from the cats table using the IN operator.

In this example, I want to delete the names of Lucy, Stella, Max and Tiger from our original cats table here:

We need to specify the column and use the IN operator to list the names we want deleted.

DELETE FROM cats
WHERE name IN ("Lucy","Stella","Max","Tiger");

This is what the new result would look like:

Our DELETE query was successful, because those four cats are no longer present in the table.

How to delete all records in the table in SQL

If you want to delete all of the information from your table, then you would use this syntax:

DELETE FROM table_name;

In order to delete all of the cats from our cats table, then we would use this code.

DELETE FROM cats;

Conclusion

In this article, we learned about the different ways to delete information from a SQL table.

This is the basic syntax for using the DELETE query:

DELETE FROM table_name
WHERE condition of which row(s) to delete;

If you want to delete one row from the table, then you have to specify a condition.

WHERE id=8;

There are a few ways to delete multiple rows in a table.

If you wanted to delete a number of rows within a range, you can use the AND operator with the BETWEEN operator.

DELETE FROM table_name
WHERE column_name BETWEEN value 1 AND value 2;

Another way to delete multiple rows is to use the IN operator.

DELETE FROM table_name
WHERE column_name IN (value 1, value 2, value 3, etc...);

If you want to delete all records from the table then you can use this syntax.

DELETE FROM table_name;

I hope you enjoyed this article and best of luck on your SQL journey.