Python comes with several built-in modules, but the Python community has more to offer. It’s the modules that makes python so powerful!
Third party modules add so much more functionality to Python. So it's time to learn how to install these modules so that we can use those in our programs.
The simplest way is to use
pip install <module_name>
If you have used
npm, then you can think of it as npm of Python.
Side note: The difference is that with npm,
npm install by default installs packages locally to a project, whereas
pip install by default installs globally.
To install modules locally, you need to create and activate what is called a virtual environment, so
pip install installs to the folder where that virtual environment is located, instead of globally (which may require administrator privileges).
Last time, in
import-statements wiki we used
requests module as an example. As it is a third party module we have to install it separately after installing python.
Installing it would be as simple as
pip install requests . You can even pass various arguments along with it. The one that you’ll come across more often is
--upgrade. You can upgrade a python module by :
pip install <module_name> --upgrade
For example, to upgrade the requests module to its latest version would be as simple as
pip install requests --upgrade.
pip, you will need to install it (it’s quite simple). You can install it from here
Just click on the link. And save the file as
get-pip.py Please don’t forget the
.py extension. And run it.
An alternative to using pip would be to try
easy_install is also simple. The syntax is:
pip is more popular than using
Note: On some systems where both Python 2 & Python 3 are installed,
pip3 will do different things.
pip installs the Python 2 version of the package, and
pip3 will install the Python 3 version of the package.
For more information on the difference between Python 2 & 3, see this guide. You can check the
pip version by doing
pip --version and/or
pip3 --version pip 18.0 from /usr/local/lib/python3.5/dist-packages/pip (python 3.5)
We can also create a txt file containing a list of modules which should be installed using pip. For example, we could create the file
requirements.txt and its content:
Kivy-Garden==0.1.4 macholib==1.5.1 idna==2.6 geoip2nation==0.1.2 docutils>=0.14 Cython
In this file we could also set a version for the installation. After this, by invoking pip with:
pip install -r <FILE CONTAINING MODULES> OR IN OUR CASE pip install -r requirements.txt
it should install all the modules listed on the file.